Listed below are numerous resources available relating to speech therapy treatment, typical development, and various conditions. We believe that information and knowledge regarding you or your loved one's current condition is key to understanding of how best to improve their skills. Below we have listed available PDFs as well as links to useful websites. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us for more information.

Milestones and Development

  • LinguiSystems' Milestonesguide provides an excellent resource for most milestones associated with communication and feeding
  • Speech sound development and typical sound acquisition (Articulation Chart) can be seen on both of these handouts
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention gives family a great guide to general milestones for developing infants and children

Stroke, Aphasia, and Swallowing Disorders Following a Cerebral Vascular Accident

  • The National Stroke Association can help you and your loved one understand more about Cerebral Vascular Accidents, also known as a Stroke, to help prepare your for your best possible outcome. There's hope after a stroke.
  • The National Aphasia Association can help you and your loved one understand Aphasia and how it can impact one's ability to communicate effectively with the ones they love.
  • The American Stroke Association provides and excellent resource when your loved one has swallowing difficulties following a stroke.
  • A great article by the ACLS Training Center about recognizing and reacting to the stroke can be found here, written by David Patterson. This link provides a great quick reference guide for signs of stroke and how to react to someone having a stroke. Although clinicians from Carolina Therapeutics, PLLC, are often there to help your loved one following a stroke, we think its especially important to know what to do and how to respond if you suspect your loved one may be having a stroke.


Articulation and Phonological Processing Disorders

  • SuperDuper is a company with excellent handouts, resources, and materials. Two of their educational handouts include information on SD Artic
  • As always, the American Speech-Language Hearing Association is the top resource go-to. Here is a leader in Childhood Apraxia of Speech assessment and treatment.

Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • The Autism Society is one of the oldest support groups and supporters of research relating to Autism Spectrum Disorders
  • Autism Speaks is a wonderful organization that helps others understand more about ASD, treatment, and rights of individuals.
  • The International Society of Autism Research provides information critical to the latest research in ASD. Each year, they hold a renown meeting promoting scientific exchange between professionals.

Autism Books

Several wonderful books related to Autism Spectrum Disorders include, but certainly are not limited to:

Auditory Processing and Attention Deficits

  • The National Coalition of Auditory Processing Disorders includes a breakdown of "What is Auditory Processing Disorder?" and what the symptoms that typically present with the condition.
  • Many parents struggle to understand APD. Yes, their children can hear, but they don't seem to understand what has been said. provides information related to both Auditory Processing Disorder and those who struggle with Attention.

Cerebral Palsy

  • is a great resource for all information related to CP
  • Although the CDC doesn't provide any resources related to helping parents or living with CP, it does provide researched facts relating to this complex disorder.

Down Syndrome and Other Genetic Conditions

  • The National Association for Down Syndrome is great website dedicated to providing education and promoting awareness of Down Syndrome.
  • If you're are interested in learning more about Down Syndrome or would like to become involved with an excellent cause, check out the website for the Down Syndrome Association of Greater Charlotte
  • The LuMind Foundation is an organization that funds researches into improving and maintaining cognitive functioning of those who have Down Syndrome. Down Syndrome often also leads to Alzheimer's Disease in the later stages of life, and LuMind Foundation is leading the way to an important discovery for treatment to improve quality of life.
  • If you are concerned that your child may have a genetic condition, we highly recommend that you speak with your primary pediatrician to discuss how genetic testing or making an appointment with a developmental pediatrician

Early Intervention

  • has 40 years of information and resources for parents and caregivers interested in learning more about Early Intervention
  • The North Carolina Infant Toddler Program gives information on the early intervention programs provided throughout all counties in North Carolina. The Children’s Developmental Services Agency (CDSA) helps families and providers in the implementation of the Individualized Family Services Plan (IFSP) for children ages birth to 3 years.
  • Coaching is an intervention technique used by providers with families to improve carryover and generalization of skills within the home setting.
  • First Steps of South Carolina provides Early Intervention service coordination for those living in South Carolina.

Expressive and Receptive Language Disorders

  • Expressive and Receptive Language Disorders can affect both children and adults. The American Speech-Language Hearing Association provides an excellent resource for both children and adults
  • SuperDuper Language provides a great handout that can help parents of children with expressive and receptive language disorders by using semantic and phonemic cues
  • You may also have some questions on the difference between Speech and Language. SuperDuper has another Handy-Handout for this too
  • Word-finding difficulties are sometimes present in both children and adults. This handout provides helpful techniques for improving word-finding during activities of daily living

Hearing Loss

Hearing loss affects many individuals across all ages. Although children who grow up with a congenital hearing loss often have difficulties with language, communication skills can also be impaired for adults with sudden onset hearing loss as well. Whether your hearing loss been present since birth, it has sudden onset due to a traumatic brain injury or medication, or hearing loss associated with aging, it does not need to impair your ability to effectively communicate with those around you. Links below provide additional resources for hearing loss:

  • Helping your child who has a hearing loss can often be very challenging for parents who are not hard of hearing themselves. Success for Kids with Hearing Loss provides an excellent resource for parents who are struggling with navigating the complex world of supporting their child who is hard of hearing
  • The American Speech-Language Hearing Association offers a great guide to how hearing loss can impact your child's development
  • Hearing loss doesn't only affect children. Hearing loss can also affect adults as well. The Association of Late Deafened Adults provides additional information for those who are affected by hearing loss beyond childhood and adolescents

Feeding Difficulties

  • If your loved one is more than just a "picky eater," contact us today. Our therapy professionals are trained in a variety of techniques to address feeding and swallowing issues. One of these approaches to therapy is the SOS Approach to feeding. We implement the multidisciplinary team approach to help those with feeding difficulties
  • Do you or your loved one have swallowing difficulties as the result of a stroke, TBI, or cancer? You may need to speak with a Speech-language pathologist for treatment. If you have concerns, check out this page from the American Speech-Language Hearing Association related to swallowing.
  • How can Occupational Therapy services help your loved one with feeding? Here's what the American Occupational Therapy Association has to say about the subject.
  • This article is a great one: 10 Things You Should Know about Feeding Therapy

Fine Motor Delays

  • The Brain Balance Center provides a quick Q&A regarding fine motor delays. If you're worried about your child's fine motor skills development, call us today about getting your child evaluated.
  • The OT Mom website provides some free and easy activities for children with fine motor difficulties
  • Dyspraxia can be seen in both children and adults. If you or your loved one needs assistance with fine motor skills related to dressing, drawing/writing, poor attention, difficulty with grasping, and decreased balance/coordination, contact us today!

Sensory Processing/Integration Disorder

  • What is SPD? Check out this site from the STAR Institute to find out!
  • A Sensory Diet may be "prescribed" by one of our Occupational Therapy providers to help treat the symptoms of Sensory Processing Disorder
  • The Wilbarger Deep Pressure and Proprioceptive Technique is another treatment technique an occupational therapy provider may recommend if your loved one is experiencing sensory processing difficulties.

Stuttering and Cluttering

  • The Stuttering Foundation is a non-profit organization that provides a list of resources, factual education, and helpful information to help you to better understand the challenges frequently associated with fluency disorders (Stuttering, Cluttering, and Neurogenic Stuttering)
  • Fluency Friday is an excellent site that offers resources and information for those affected by stuttering

Literacy and Reading Comprehension

  • The American Speech-Language and Hearing Association believes that literacy and reading skills may be improved when treated by a professional, trained Speech-language Pathologist. Reading is an integral part of life that influences our language, educational, social, and even future economical potential. Don't let your child's reading difficulties hold them back from success.
  • Speech offers a wide variety of ideas helpful when promoting reading comprehension and reading fluency skills.

Alternative Augmentative Communication (AAC)

Alternative and Augmentative Communication comes in many forms. When your loved one has limited verbal communication skills, using AAC is a highly recommended means of communication. Communication skills will not only improve, but frustration will decrease and your loved one will finally express things you may have never believed possible. Whether your loved one communicates with a high-tech device, low-tech device, signs or gestures (American Sign Language, Cued Speech, or "Baby Signs"), or Picture Exchange Communication Systems, you need to have a trained professional to help your loved one and your family to navigate through this sometimes challenging situation.

  • Clinicians from Carolina Therapeutics, PLLC, are trained to use a variety of AAC options. Some of the hi-tech devices that we are familiar with include: Accent devices (by Prentke Romich Company), NovaChat (by Saltillo), and various devices from Tobii Dynavox (which also includes Eye gaze devices)
  • The use of "Baby Signs" can be especially helpful in teaching children with limited verbal language to increase their expressive language skills. Babies as young as 6 months old can learn how to sign in order to communicate their wants and needs. This article from the ASHA Leader provides supporting evidence based research that demonstrates the effectiveness of using signs to communicate effectively
  • Picture Exchange Communication Systems, often referred to as PECS, is another form of AAC often used with children who have limited verbal output. PECS is a systematic approach to teaching children how to use language through the use of visual symbols. Our clinicians are trained in PECS protocol, and we can help your child today
  • Research also indicates that using a multimodal approach to communication is key to increasing expressive language skills, especially for children who have ASD and limited expressive language use

National Associations

  • Speech Therapy - The American Speech-Language Hearing Association (ASHA)
  • Occupational Therapy - The National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy (NCBCOT) and the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA)
  • Physical Therapy - The American Physical Therapy Association (APTA)